Since its inception in July 1983, the school has been addressing the critical shortage of qualified veterinary personnel in the country. The first class of 14 students was admitted in October 1983. With the co-operation of the Government of Japan, the construction of a large and well equipped School began in February 1984 and was completed in 1986. The School has since started a post-graduate programme for a Masters degree (M.Vet. Med.) to be taken in two years, the first year is course work and the second year is research followed by presentation of a dissertation. The development of the masters programme and the undergraduate curriculum are currently under review.
The School library is rapidly expanding and already has a museum, computerised literature search facilities, and an audio-visual laboratory. The School library has also established links with other international libraries including the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) library in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia, to facilitate improved literature search and document delivery facilities.
The programme of study extends over 6 years and leads to the award of the degree of Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Zambia.